- About Hevo
- Hevo Features
- Hevo System Architecture
- Core Concepts
- Free Trials
- Regulatory Compliance
- Hevo Support
- General FAQs
- Getting Started
- Creating an Account in Hevo
- Connection Options
- Familiarizing with the UI
- Creating your First Pipeline
- Data Loss Prevention and Recovery
- Activity Log
- Data Ingestion
- Ingestion Modes and Query Modes
- Types of Data Synchronization
- Ingestion and Loading Frequency
- Ingestion Frequency and Data Synchronization
- Data Ingestion Statuses
- Deferred Data Ingestion
- Handling of Primary Keys
- Handling of Updates
- Handling of Deletes
- Hevo-generated Metadata
- Data Loading
- Loading Data in a Database Destination
- Loading Data to a Data Warehouse
- Optimizing Data Loading for a Destination Warehouse
- Manually Triggering the Loading of Events
- Scheduling Data Load for a Destination
- Loading Events in Batches
- Data Loading Statuses
- Data Spike Alerts
- Name Sanitization
- Table and Column Name Compression
- Parsing Nested JSON Fields in Events
- Data Flow in a Pipeline
- Familiarizing with the Pipelines UI
Working with Pipelines
- Best Practices for Creating Database Pipelines
- Creating a Pipeline
- Scheduling a Pipeline
- Modifying a Pipeline
- Prioritizing a Pipeline
- Viewing Pipeline Progress
- Troubleshooting Data Replication Errors
- Pausing and Deleting a Pipeline
- Log-based Pipelines
- Pipeline Objects
- Python Code-Based Transformations
Drag and Drop Transformations
- Special Keywords
Transformation Blocks and Properties
- Add a Field
- Change Datetime Field Values
- Change Field Values
- Drop Events
- Drop Fields
- Find & Replace
- Flatten JSON
- Format Date to String
- Format Number to String
- Hash Fields
- Mask Fields
- Modify Text Casing
- Parse Date from String
- Parse JSON from String
- Parse Number from String
- Rename Events
- Rename Fields
- Round-off Decimal Fields
- Split Fields
- Examples of Drag and Drop Transformations
- Effect of Transformations on the Destination Table Structure
- Transformation Reference
- Transformation FAQs
- Using Schema Mapper
- Mapping Statuses
- Auto Mapping Event Types
- Mapping a Source Event Type with a Destination Table
- Mapping a Source Event Type Field with a Destination Table Column
- Schema Mapper Actions
- Fixing Unmapped Fields
- Resolving Incompatible Schema Mappings
- Resizing String Columns in the Destination
- Schema Mapper Compatibility Table
- Troubleshooting Failed Events in a Pipeline
- Mismatch in Events Count in Source and Destination
- Does creation of Pipeline incur cost?
- Can I have the same Source and Destination in the Pipeline?
- Why are my new Pipelines in trial?
- Can multiple Sources connect to one Destination?
- Is my data stored after I delete a Pipeline?
- What happens if I re-create a deleted Pipeline?
- When should I pause vs delete my Pipeline?
- Why am I getting warnings while adding Pipelines?
- Why is there a delay in my Pipeline?
- Can I delete skipped objects in a Pipeline?
- How do I disable Auto Mapping?
- How do I change the ingestion frequency for tables?
- How do I change the query mode for Pipelines?
- How does changing the query mode affect data ingestion?
- Why is my billable Events high with Delta Timestamp mode?
- How does the timing of Change Schedule work?
- Can I drop multiple Destination tables in a Pipeline at once?
- How does Run Now affect scheduled ingestion frequency?
- Will pausing some objects increase the ingestion speed?
- Can I sort Event Types listed in the Schema Mapper?
- How do I include new tables in the Pipeline?
- Can I see the historical load progress?
- Why is my Historical Load Progress still at 0%?
- Why is the historical data not getting ingested?
- How do I restart the historical load for all the objects?
- How do I set a field as a primary key?
- How can I load only filtered Events to the Destination?
- How do I ensure that records are loaded only once?
- Why do the Source and the Destination events count differ?
- How can I transfer Excel files using Hevo?
- How can I load an XML file from an S3 folder?
- Events Usage
- Free Sources
Databases and File Systems
- Data Warehouses
- Connecting to a Local Database
- Amazon DocumentDB
- Amazon DynamoDB
- Generic MongoDB
- MongoDB Atlas
- Support for Multiple Data Types for the _id Field
- Example - Merge Collections Feature
Errors During Pipeline Creation
- Error 1001 - Incorrect credentials
- Error 1005 - Connection timeout
- Error 1006 - Invalid database hostname
- Error 1008 - Database unreachable
- Error 1011 - Insufficient access
- Error 1028 - Primary/Master host needed for OpLog
- Error 1029 - Version not supported for Change Streams
- SSL 1009 - SSL Connection Failure
- Troubleshooting MongoDB Change Streams Connection
- Troubleshooting MongoDB OpLog Connection
- Errors During Pipeline Creation
- Amazon RDS SQL Server
- Azure SQL Server
- Google Cloud SQL Server
- Generic SQL Server
- Troubleshooting SQL Server
- SQL Server FAQs
- Amazon Aurora MySQL
- Amazon RDS MySQL
- Azure MySQL
- Google Cloud MySQL
- Generic MySQL
- MariaDB MySQL
Errors During Pipeline Creation
- Error 1003 - Connection to host failed
- Error 1006 - Connection to host failed
- Error 1007 - SSH connection failed
- Error 1011 - Access denied
- Error 1012 - Replication access denied
- Error 1017 - Connection to host failed
- Error 1026 - Failed to connect to database
- Error 1027 - Unsupported BinLog format
- Failed to determine binlog filename/position
- Schema 'xyz' is not tracked via bin logs
- Errors Post-Pipeline Creation
- Errors During Pipeline Creation
- MySQL FAQs
- Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL
- Amazon RDS PostgreSQL
- Azure PostgreSQL
- Google Cloud PostgreSQL
- Heroku PostgreSQL
- Generic PostgreSQL
Errors during Pipeline creation
- Error 1003 - Authentication failure
- Error 1006 - Connection settings errors
- Error 1011 - Access role issue for logical replication
- Error 1012 - Access role issue for logical replication
- Error 1014 - Database does not exist
- Error 1017 - Connection settings errors
- Error 1023 - No pg_hba.conf entry
- Error 1024 - Number of requested standby connections
- Errors Post-Pipeline Creation
- Errors during Pipeline creation
- PostgreSQL FAQs
- Troubleshooting Database Sources
- Amazon S3
- File Log
- Azure Blob Storage
- FTP / SFTP
- Google Cloud Storage (GCS)
- Google Drive
- Google Sheets
- Android SDK
- Writing JSONPath Expressions
REST API FAQs
- Why does my REST API token keep changing?
- Is it possible to use a Bearer Authorization token?
- Does Hevo’s REST API support API chaining?
- What is the maximum payload size returned by a REST API?
- How do I split an Event into multiple Event Types?
- How do I split multiple values in a key into separate Events?
- Jira Cloud
- Finance & Accounting Analytics
- Apple Search Ads
- Facebook Ads
- Facebook Page Insights
- Google Campaign Manager
- Google Ads
- Google Analytics
- Google Analytics 4
- Google Analytics 360
- Google Play Console
- Google Search Console
- Instagram Business
- LinkedIn Ads
- Microsoft Advertising
- Pinterest Ads
- SendGrid Webhook
- Salesforce Marketing Cloud
- Snapchat Ads
- TikTok Ads
- Twitter Ads
- YouTube Analytics
- Product Analytics
- Sales & Support Analytics
- From how far back can the Pipeline ingest data?
- What is a free Source?
- Why am I unable to modify my OAuth Source connection settings?
- Can I connect to a Source not listed in Hevo?
- Can I connect a local database as a Source?
- How do I connect a CSV file as a Source?
- Which file formats are supported by file storage-based Sources?
- How does the Merge Table feature work?
- Familiarizing with the Destinations UI
- Amazon Aurora MySQL
- Microsoft SQL Server
- Connecting to a Local Database
- Structure of Data in the Amazon Redshift Data Warehouse
- Loading Data to an Amazon Redshift Data Warehouse
- Troubleshooting Amazon Redshift Destination
- Amazon Redshift FAQs
- Hevo Managed Google BigQuery
- Clustering in BigQuery
- Partitioning in BigQuery
- Loading Data to a Google BigQuery Data Warehouse
- Near Real-time Data Loading using Streaming
- Troubleshooting Google BigQuery
- Google BigQuery FAQs
- Structure of Data in the Snowflake Data Warehouse
- Loading Data to a Snowflake Data Warehouse
- Troubleshooting Snowflake
- Snowflake FAQs
- Amazon Redshift
- Can I create a Destination through API?
- Can I move data between SaaS applications using Hevo?
- Can I change the primary key in my Destination table?
- How do I change the data type of table columns?
- Can I change the Destination table name after creating the Pipeline?
- How can I change or delete the Destination table prefix?
- How do I resolve duplicate records in the Destination table?
- How do I enable or disable deduplication of records?
- Why does my Destination have deleted Source records?
- How do I filter deleted Events from the Destination?
- Does a data load regenerate deleted Hevo metadata columns?
- Can I load data to a specific Destination table?
- How do I filter out specific fields before loading data?
- How do I sort the data in the Destination?
- Activate Concepts
- Familiarizing with the Activate UI
- Working with Activate
- Activate Warehouses
- Activate Targets
- Account Management
- Personal Settings
- Team Settings
- Pricing Plans
- Time-based Events Buffer
- Setting up Pricing Plans, Billing, and Payments
- On-Demand Purchases
- Billing Alerts
- Viewing Billing History
- Billing Notifications
- Can I try Hevo for free?
- Can I get a plan apart from the Starter plan?
- Are free trial Events charged once I purchase a plan?
- For how long can I stay on the Free plan?
- When will I be charged for my subscription?
- How can I upgrade my plan?
- Is there a discount for non-profit organizations?
- Can I seek a refund of my payment?
- Do ingested Events count towards billing?
- Will Pipeline get paused if I exceed the Events quota?
- What is a free Source?
- Will the initial load of data be free?
- Does the Hevo plan support multiple Destinations?
- Do rows loaded through Models count in my usage?
- Is Hevo subscription environment-specific?
- Can I pause billing if I have no active Pipelines?
- What are the payment methods available in Hevo?
- Can you explain the pricing plans in Hevo?
- Where do I get invoices for payments?
- Is my billing information removed upon account deletion?
- Account Suspension and Restoration
- Account Management FAQs
- Release Notes
- Release Version 2.02
- Release Version 2.01
- Release Version 2.00
- Release Version 1.99
- Release Version 1.98
- Release Version 1.97
- Release Version 1.96
- Release Version 1.95
- Release Version 1.93 & 1.94
- Release Version 1.92
- Release Version 1.91
- Release Version 1.90
- Release Version 1.89
- Release Version 1.88
- Release Version 1.87
- Release Version 1.86
- Release Version 1.84 & 1.85
- Release Version 1.83
- Release Version 1.82
- Release Version 1.81
- Release Version 1.80 (Jan-24-2022)
- Release Version 1.79 (Jan-03-2022)
- Release Version 1.78 (Dec-20-2021)
- Release Version 1.77 (Dec-06-2021)
- Release Version 1.76 (Nov-22-2021)
- Release Version 1.75 (Nov-09-2021)
- Release Version 1.74 (Oct-25-2021)
- Release Version 1.73 (Oct-04-2021)
- Release Version 1.72 (Sep-20-2021)
- Release Version 1.71 (Sep-09-2021)
- Release Version 1.70 (Aug-23-2021)
- Release Version 1.69 (Aug-09-2021)
- Release Version 1.68 (Jul-26-2021)
- Release Version 1.67 (Jul-12-2021)
- Release Version 1.66 (Jun-28-2021)
- Release Version 1.65 (Jun-14-2021)
- Release Version 1.64 (Jun-01-2021)
- Release Version 1.63 (May-19-2021)
- Release Version 1.62 (May-05-2021)
- Release Version 1.61 (Apr-20-2021)
- Release Version 1.60 (Apr-06-2021)
- Release Version 1.59 (Mar-23-2021)
- Release Version 1.58 (Mar-09-2021)
- Release Version 1.57 (Feb-22-2021)
- Release Version 1.56 (Feb-09-2021)
- Release Version 1.55 (Jan-25-2021)
- Release Version 1.54 (Jan-12-2021)
- Release Version 1.53 (Dec-22-2020)
- Release Version 1.52 (Dec-03-2020)
- Release Version 1.51 (Nov-10-2020)
- Release Version 1.50 (Oct-19-2020)
- Release Version 1.49 (Sep-28-2020)
- Release Version 1.48 (Sep-01-2020)
- Release Version 1.47 (Aug-06-2020)
- Release Version 1.46 (Jul-21-2020)
- Release Version 1.45 (Jul-02-2020)
- Release Version 1.44 (Jun-11-2020)
- Release Version 1.43 (May-15-2020)
- Release Version 1.42 (Apr-30-2020)
- Release Version 1.41 (Apr-2020)
- Release Version 1.40 (Mar-2020)
- Release Version 1.39 (Feb-2020)
- Release Version 1.38 (Jan-2020)
- Upcoming Features
Hevo can load data from any of your Pipelines into a MySQL database. In this document, we will walk through the steps to add MySQL as a Destination.
We do not recommend using MySQL as a Destination for building your production Pipelines. It can perform poorly even for low volumes of data. If you run into performance issues, these may be unresolvable, and you will have to migrate to a different Destination.
The MySQL server (not localhost) is running. To check this, enter the following command in your MySQL instance:
service mysql status
The status must show as Active: active (running).
MySQL version is 5.1 or higher. To check this, enter the following command in your MySQL instance:
Whitelist Hevo’s IP Addresses
Note: You need
root access or
sudo privileges to perform some of the commands.
You need to add the Hevo IP address(es) for your region in the MySQL configuration file to enable Hevo to connect to your MySQL database.
To do this:
Navigate to the MySQL configuration directory. For example, /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d
Edit the MySQL server configuration file:
# Example sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf
Scroll to the
[mysqld]section, and update the
bind-addressvariable in one of the following ways:
To allow any IP4 address to connect to your MySQL Destination, enter:
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
To allow the specific Hevo IP addresses for your region, enter:
# Example bind-address = 10.2.7.152
Save the file, and restart the MySQL server for the changes to take effect.
For MySQL versions 8.0 and higher, you need to add the
bind-addressvariable if it does not exist in the
Delete or comment out any line with the
skip-networkingvariable in the configuration file, as this variable does not allow the MySQL server to listen for remote connections.
Grant Permissions to the Database User
The following table lists the privileges that Hevo requires to connect to and load data into your MySQL Destination:
|Privilege Name||Privilege Description|
|ALTER||Allows Hevo to edit database tables.|
|CREATE||Allows Hevo to create databases and tables.|
|CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES||Allows Hevo to create temporary tables.|
|DELETE||Allows Hevo to delete rows from database tables.|
|DROP||Allows Hevo to delete databases and tables.|
|INSERT||Allows Hevo to insert rows into database tables.|
|SELECT||Allows Hevo to select rows from database tables.|
|UPDATE||Allows Hevo to update rows in database tables.|
Perform the following steps to grant the privileges:
Log in to your MySQL server as a root user. For example,
mysql -u root -p
Enter the following command to grant privileges to the database user:
GRANT ALTER, CREATE, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, DELETE, DROP, INSERT, SELECT, UPDATE ON <database_name>.* to <user_name>@<IP address> IDENTIFIED BY <user_password>;
Example: To grant privileges on the demo database to the user, jacob from a machine with the IP address 10.0.8.5, enter:
GRANT ALTER, CREATE, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, DELETE, DROP, INSERT, SELECT, UPDATE ON demo.* to jacob@'10.0.8.5' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
(Optional) View the grants for the user with the following command:
show grants for <user_name>@<IP address>;
Example: To view the permissions granted to the user, jacob, enter:
show grants for jacob@'10.0.8.5';
Do one of the following:
After you configure the Source during Pipeline creation, click ADD DESTINATION.
Select the Destination Type
In the Add Destination page, select MySQL.
Alternatively, use the Search Destination Type search box to search for the Destination.
Configure MySQL Connection Settings
Specify the following settings in the Configure your MySQL Destination page:
Destination Name: A unique name for your Destination.
Database Host: MySQL host’s IP address or DNS. Read Connecting to a Local Database for the steps to connect to a local database.
Database Port: The port on which your MySQL server listens for connections. Default value: 3306
Database User: A user with a non-administrative role in the MySQL database.
Database Password: The password of the user.
Database Name: The name of the Destination database where data will be loaded.
Connect through SSH: Enable this option to connect to Hevo using an SSH tunnel, instead of directly connecting your MySQL database host to Hevo. This provides an additional level of security to your database by not exposing your MySQL setup to the public. Read Connecting Through SSH.
If this option is disabled, you must whitelist Hevo’s IP addresses. Refer to the content for your MySQL variant for steps to do this.
Use SSL: Enable this option to use an SSL-encrypted connection. Specify the following:
CA File: The file containing the SSL server certificate authority (CA).
Client Certificate: The client public key certificate file.
Client Key: The client private key file.
For the steps to create the required files and keys, read MySQL.
Sanitize Table/Column Names: Enable this option to remove all non-alphanumeric characters and spaces in a table or column name, and replace them with an underscore (_). Read Name Sanitization.
After filling the details, click on TEST CONNECTION button to test connectivity to the Destination MySQL server.
Once the test is successful, save the Destination by clicking SAVE & CONTINUE.
Read the detailed Hevo documentation for the following related topics:
- You must disable any foreign keys defined in the target tables. Foreign keys do not allow data to be loaded until the reference table has a corresponding key defined.
- You can replicate data for only 4090 columns in a given MySQL table. Read Limits on the Number of Columns.
Refer to the following table for the list of key updates made to this page:
|Date||Release||Description of Change|
|Sep-07-2022||NA||Added the following sections:
- Whitelist Hevo’s IP Addresses,
- Grant Permissions to the Database User.
- Updated the Configure MySQL Connection Settings to add a link to the Connecting to a Local Database page.
- Deleted the Connect to a Local Database section.
|Feb-21-2022||1.82||Updated section, Configure MySQL Connection Settings to provide support for SSL in MySQL as a Destination.|
|Jul-26-2021||1.68||Added section, Connect to a Local Database.|
|Jul-12-2021||NA||Updated the section, Destination Considerations.|